This paper proposes a robust frequency-domain method to tune the d-q decoupled control system used in Modular Multilevel Converter-type Voltage Sourced Converter (MMC-VSC) systems. A linearized state-space model of the MMC-VSC system is developed and used to calculate the stability-related frequency-domain attributes. The controller design problem is formulated as an optimization problem. In this paper, the simulated annealing optimization technique is applied to find the proportional-integral (PI) controller parameters that give desired damping for the oscillatory modes and desired values for decaying exponential modes. The efficacy of this method is tested on the electromagnetic transient model of a two-terminal MMC-VSC system on the real-time digital simulators and the results are provided in this paper. Finally, tuned controller parameters for different ac system strengths are discussed and it is shown that this mathematical model is suitable to tune the PI-controller parameters for MMC-VSC systems connected to strong as well as weak ac networks.
S. Arunprasanth, U.D. Annakkage, C. Karawita, and R. Kuffel, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery ( Volume: 31 , Issue: 2 , April 2016 )
KEYWORDS: control system synthesis, frequency-domain analysis, optimisation, PI control, power convertors, Controller tuning, linearized model, modular multilevel converter-type voltage source converter (MMC-VSC),