With the development of the smart grid technology, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) plays a significant role in the smart grid. ICT enables to realize the smart grid, but also brings cyber vulnerabilities. It is important to analyze the impact of possible cyber-attacks on the power grid. In this paper, a real-time, cyber-physical co-simulation testbed with hardware-in-the-loop capability is discussed. Real-time Digital Simulator (RTDS), Synchrophasor devices, DeterLab, and a wide- area monitoring application with closed-loop control are utilized in the developed testbed. Two different real life cyber-attacks, including TCP SYN flood attack, and man-in-the-middle attack, are simulated on an IEEE standard power system test case to analyze the the impact of these cyber-attacks on the power grid.
R. Liu, A. Srivastava, IEEE Workshop on Modeling and Simulation of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems (MSCPES) 2015, April 2015
KEYWORDS: Cyber-Physical, Real-Time Co-Simulation, DeterLab, RTDS, Cyber Security, Synchrophasor Devices, capacitors, Loading, Power system stability, Power grids, Phasor measurement units, Reactive power, Real-time systems