This paper demonstrates integration of aggregate Plug-in Electric Vehicle parking lots known as SmartParks, adjacent to a MW-scale Photovoltaic (PV) plant for mitigation of loading on synchronous generators during peak hours as well as enhancing the Available Transfer Capability of area tie-lines. Simulations are carried out in the real-time digital simulator, where the PV plant and aggregate SmartParks are connected to a benchmark two-area multi-machine power system, equipped with secondary frequency controllers i.e. Automatic Generation Controllers and benefiting from Phasor Measurement Units data. The results conclude that cost-effective energy storage technologies such as SmartParks bring the potential in coping with one of the open challenges impeding PV penetration growth.
A. Arzani and G. K. Venayagamoorthy, "Integration of SmartParks in a Power System with Utility-Scale PV Plant," 2018 IEEE/PES Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition (T&D), Denver, CO, 2018, pp. 1-9.
KEYWORDS: automatic generation control, vehicle-to-grid, power system stability, power system reliability, batteries, state of charge, battery powered vehicles