The addition of synchrophasors such as phasor measurement units (PMUs) to the existing power grid will enhance real-time monitoring and analysis of the grid. The PMU collects bus voltage, line current, and frequency measurements and uses the communication network to send the measurements to the respective substation(s)/control center(s). Since this approach relies on network infrastructure, possible cyber security vulnerabilities have to be addressed to ensure that is stable, secure, and reliable. In this paper, security vulnerabilities associated with a synchrophasor network in a benchmark IEEE 68 bus (New England/New York) power system model are examined. Currently known feasible attacks are demonstrated. Recommended testing and verification methods are also presented.
C. Beasley, G. K. Venayagamoorthy and R. Brooks, "Cyber security evaluation of synchrophasors in a power system," 2014 Clemson University Power Systems Conference, Clemson, SC, 2014, pp. 1-5.
KEYWORDS: Cyber-attacks, data security, phasor measurement units, power system, smart grid.