This paper presents a study of the performance of distance protection relays when applied to protect shunt Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) compensated transmission lines. The objective of this study is to evaluate the performance of distance relays on transmission lines with FACTS devices applied for mid point voltage control. Effect of two types of shunt FACTS devices, Static Var Compensators (SVC) and Static Synchronous Compensators (STATCOM) are studied. The study is conducted in three stages. First the situation is studied analytically, where the errors introduced in the impedance measurement due to the presence of shunt FACTS devices on the line are analyzed. In the second stage, the situation is simulated using transient simulation software, EMTDC. In this method, the response of FACTS devices for different fault conditions and system conditions is also modeled. This method brings out some unique problems that would be experienced by the distance relays due to some specific characteristics of the FACTS devices. Finally, the findings are confirmed by testing a commercial distance relay using a Real Time Digital Simulator (RTDS). The results obtained by testing the commercial relay validate the analytical and simulation studies.
T. S. Sidhu, R. K. Varma, P. K. Gangadharan, F. A. Albasri and G. R. Ortiz, "Performance of distance relays on shunt-FACTS compensated transmission lines," in IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 1837-1845, July 2005, doi: 10.1109/TPWRD.2005.848641.
KEYWORDS: Distance protection relay, flexible ac transmission system (FACTS), power system protection, real-time digital simulator (RTDS), shunt compensation, static synchronous compensators (STATCOM), static var compensators (SVC)