The high-speed accurate electromagnetic transient (EMT) simulation of the power electronic transformers (PET) has become a challenge, due to the microsecond-range time steps and the large number of high-frequency semiconductor switches and isolating transformers. Taking the input-series-output-parallel (ISOP) connected cascaded H-bridge (CHB) type dual active bridge (DAB) based PET as an example, this paper proposes a general high-speed equivalent EMT modelling method of PET. First, the isolating transformer within each DAB is discretized into two-port Norton circuits. Second, each CHB-DAB is equivalent to two single-port circuits by eliminating the internal nodes. And the input-side is represented by a Thévenin circuit and the output-side is represented by a Norton circuit. Third, all the CHB-DABs are equivalent to a two-port circuit with all the internal node information preserved. Fourth, the implementation of PET blocking is also considered for startup and fault protective actions. Fifth, the stability of the proposed discrete decoupling method of the PET is verified that it does not introduce specific limitation on the simulation step size. Finally, the developed PET models on PSCAD/EMTDC are shown to be two orders of magnitude faster than the currently available fully-detailed models with negligible loss of accuracy.
J. Xu et al., "High-speed Electromagnetic Transient (EMT) Equivalent Modelling of Power Electronic Transformers," in IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, May 2020 doi: 10.1109/TPWRD.2020.2998498.
KEYWORDS: Electromagnetic transient (EMT) simulation; high-speed equivalent modelling; power electronic transformers (PET); input-series-output-parallel (ISOP); cascaded H-bridge based dual active bridges (CHB-DAB); simulation stability